Research Papers

American College of Nurse-Midwives (2013). Supporting Healthy and Normal Physiologic Childbirth: A Consensus Statement by ACNM, MANA, and NACPM. Journal of Perinatal Education, 22(1) 14-18.

American Civil Liberties Union (2017). Pregnancy-related health care in prison.

Berglas, N. F., Wingo, E., Woodruff, K., & Roberts, S. C. (2020). Approaches, barriers, and facilitators to abortion-related work in US health departments: perspectives of maternal and child heath and family planning professionals. BMC Public Health20(1), 1-11.

d’Oliveira, A. F. P. L., Diniz, S. G., & Schraiber, L. B. (2002). Violence against women in health-care institutions: an emerging problem. The Lancet359(9318), 1681-1685.

Effland, K. J., & Hays, K. (2018). A web-based resource for promoting equity in midwifery education and training: Towards meaningful diversity and inclusion. Midwifery61, 70-73.

Gaskin, I. M. (2008). Maternal death in the United States: a problem solved or a problem ignored?. The Journal of perinatal education, 17(2), 9-13.

Knapp, L. (1996). Childbirth satisfaction: the effects of internality and perceived control. The Journal of Perinatal Education5(4), 7-16.

Leinweber, J., Creedy, D. K., Rowe, H., & Gamble, J. (2017). Responses to birth trauma and prevalence of posttraumatic stress among Australian midwives. Women and birth30(1), 40-45.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Birth Settings in America: Outcomes, Quality, Access, and Choice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Oppong-Darko, P.; Amponsa-Achiano, K.; Darj, E. “I Am Ready and Willing to Provide the Service … Though My Religion Frowns on Abortion”—Ghanaian Midwives’ Mixed Attitudes to Abortion Services: A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1501.

Sheldon S, Fletcher J, Vacuum aspiration for induced abortion could be safely and legally performed by nurses and midwives, Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care 2017;43:260-264.

Sumbul, T., Spellen, S., & McLemore, M. R. (2019). A Transdisciplinary Conceptual Framework of Contextualized Resilience for Reducing Adverse Birth Outcomes. Qualitative Health Research, 1049732319885369.

Tamang, A., Shah, I.H., Shrestha, P. et al. Comparative satisfaction of receiving medical abortion service from nurses and auxiliary nurse-midwives or doctors in Nepal: results of a randomized trial. Reprod Health 14, 176 (2017).

Vedam, S., Stoll, K., MacDorman, M., Declercq, E., Cramer, R., Cheyney, M., ... & Kennedy, H. P. (2018). Mapping integration of midwives across the United States: impact on access, equity, and outcomes. PloS one13(2).

WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, & United Nations Population Division (2015). Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2015: REPORT. 


"Subtle abuse affects women during childbirth", Patience Afulani 

"Antenatal care in Kenya needs improvement", Patience Afulani & Rebecca Griffin

"Why Warning Pregnant Women Not to Drink Can Backfire", Aaron E. Carroll

"If You Don't Want to Provide Abortions, Don't Go Into Healthcare", Monica R. McLemore PhD, MPH, RN

Doulas and Midwives: Transforming the Landscape, Together, Courtney L. Everson and Melissa Cheyney